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Fifth International Conference of Fluid Mechanics

 (ICFM 5)

January 2-5, 1995

Nile Hilton Hotel, Cairo, Egypt

 

Organized by:

- Cairo University (Egypt)

- Mansoura University (Egypt)

- Alexandria University (Egypt)

- University Pierre et Marie Currie (Paris VI)

- Old Dominion University (U.S.A.)

- Nihon University (Japan)

 

 Conference Program

 

      

 

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Conference Program

 

Table of Contents of Proceedings

 

Table of Contents

 

 

Tuesday 3 January 1995

 

 

Session S-1: Unsteady Flow I

Tuesday, January 3, 1995

Chairs: S. A. Mekhael, J. Iwamoto

 

Control of Transients by using Check Valves through Pressurized Piping System

S. M. Abdel-Gawad, A. S. Elansary, and A. A. Kassem

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Numerical Solutions of Unsteady Turbulent Flow around a Two Dimensional Hydrofoil in Truncated Domains

K. K. Hassan, and S. Abdallah

University of Cincinnati, U.S.A.

 

A Dynamic Model for Predicting the Transient Response of Liquid Rocket Engines

F. M. Owis, A. A. Hashem, and M. B. Argoun

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Flow Oscillation in a Duct with Abrupt Enlargement

M. Yoshinaka, and J. Iwamoto

Tokyo Denki University, Japan

 

Self-excited Impinging Jet Flow

A. Haga, and Y. Hosoi

Railway Technical Res. Inst. - Tokyo Denki University, Japan

 

 

Session S-2: Fluid Machinery Applications I

Tuesday, January 3, 1995

Chairs: H. Heikel, M. Rautenberg

 

Effect of Pitch Ratio on the Secondary Flow Generated in a Very Low Aspect Ratio Rectilinear Turbine Cascade

M. B. Hanna, and K. Weskamp

Institute of Jet Prop, and Turbo, WRTH A Achen, Germany

 

An Experimental Investigation and Numerical Computations of a Wedge Blade Radial Diffuser

A. Mobarak, M. Khalafallah, A. Mostafa, and R. Esmaeil

Cairo University, Egypt

 

The Development of a Low Loss Vaned Flow Conditioner

E. M. Laws, and A. K. Ouazzane

University of Salford, UK

 

Numerical Simulation of 3D Separated Flow through Multistage Turbomachine

S. V. Yershov

Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine

 

 

Session S-3: Stability and Transition

Tuesday, January 3, 1995

Chairs: M. F. Khalil, S. Ragab

 

Similar Effects of Temperature and Viscosity on the Stability of Supersonic Boundary Layer

M. A. Elsharnoby, and M. H. Metwally

Banha Higher Inst. of Tech. - Military Technical College, Egypt

 

Transition Control in Flow over a Roughness Element by a Heating Strip

J. A. Masad

High Technology Corp., U.S.A.

 

Effect of Crossflow on Gortler Instability in Incompressible Boundary Layers

Y. H. Zurigat, and M. R. Malik

University of Jordan, Jordan - High Technology Corp., USA

 

Transition Flow Regimes in a Series of Adjacent Rectangular Jets

A. Cavaliere, M. El-Naggar, R. Ragucci, G. Vancore, and C. Venitozzi

University of Federico II, Italy

 

Investigation of Laminar Boundary Layer Stability at Combined Action of Different Factors

A. F. Slitenko

Turbomachinery Research Institute, Ukraine

 

 

Session S-4: Aero & Hydro-Acoustics

Tuesday, January 3, 1995

Chairs: M. Sedrak, A. Lyrintazis

 

Numerical and Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Sampling Rate, Noise and Resonance on Measuring Higher Moments of Single and Multiple Frequency Signals

M. S. Mohamed

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Analysis of Sound Propagation in a Circular Duct to Improve the Accuracy of in-Duct Noise Measurement

E. A. Yaseen

Zagazig University, Egypt

 

Acoustic Wave Analysis in a Standing Wave Tube using the Transfer Function Method

E. A. Yaseen

Zagazig University, Egypt

 

A Passive Noise Reduction Method for Internal Flows Generating Self-Sustained Tones

C. Fav, R. Henry, S. Soreefan, and O. Boisseau

University de Poitiers, France

 

Discrete Frequency Noise Generated by an Air Jet from a Rectangular Slit (Conditions of the Discrete Frequency Noise Generation)

I. Kouno, and T. Fukano

Fukuoka institute of Technology - Kyushu University, Japan

 

 

Session S-5: Unsteady Flow II

Tuesday, January 3, 1995

Chairs: Z. Safar, R. Henry

 

Pressure Simulation of Pulsating Flow in Duct with Nozzle

M. Endo, and J. Iwamoto

Tokyo Metropolitan College of Technology - Tokyo Denki University, Japan

 

Early Stage of an Impulsively Started Flow around a Square Cylinder

Y. P. Xu, T. S. Lee, and S. H. Winoto

National University of Singapore, Singapore

 

Numerical Study of Laminar and Turbulent Pulsatile Flows in Pipe

Z. D. Shi, T. S. Lee, and S. H. Winoto

National University of Singapore, Singapore

 

Numerical Study of Low-Frequency Flow Instability in an Axial Transonic Compressor Stage

V. I. Gnesin

Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine

 

Effect of Gust on Wind Flow around a Low Rise Building

S. S. Ayad

Zagazig University, Egypt

 

 

Session S-6: Computational Fluid Dynamics I

Tuesday, January 3, 1995

Chairs: S. M. Morcos, O. Kandil

 

A CFD Teaching Programme for the Mechanical Engineering Undergraduates Years

S. B. Chin, G. Cardew, D. Savas, and W. A. Bullough

University of Sheffield, UK

 

Numerical Simulations of Incompressible Laminar Flow in a T-Junction of Circular Pipes

P. A. Russell, and S. Abdallah

University of Cincinnati, USA

 

A Computational Study of Transonic Three-Dimensional Steady Flow

E. Turkbeyler, and W. M. Pun

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, UK

 

Numerical Study of Viscous Effect on Separation Bubble in Underexpanded Impinging Jet

Y. Sakakibara, and J. Iwamoto

Tokyo Denki University, Japan

 

Accuracy of Approximate Solutions in Fluid Mechanics

A. Sakurai

Tokyo Denki University, Japan

 

 

Wednesday 4 January 1995

 

 

Session S-9: Computational Fluid Dynamics II

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: M. Abou-Ellail, M. M. Hafez

 

Numerical Modeling of the Hydrodynamics of Flows in the Case of the Regulation of the Run Off in River Beds

N. N. Belayev, and V. K. Khrutsch

Dniepropetrovsk University, Ukraine

 

Development of a Hybrid Shock-Capturing Scheme and its Application

Y. Zhao

Nonyong technological University, Singapore

 

Numerical Simulation of Natural Convection by a Global Method of Generalized Differential Quadrature

C. Shu, Y. T. Chew, B. C. Khoo, and K. S. Yeo

National University of Singapore, Singapore

 

Implicit Monotonic Difference Schemes of Splitting of the Second Order of Accuracy for Solving the Euler and Navier-Stokes Equation

N. N. Belayev, and V. K. Khrutsch

Dniepropetrovsk University, Ukraine

 

Control Volume Accurate Solution of 2D Compressible Navier-Stokes Equations on Unstructured Grid

G. de Felice, F. M. Denaro, C. Meola, and F. Sarghini

University of Naples, Italy

 

 

Session S-10: Fluid Machinery Applications II

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: A. Hozzyyen, G. Khalafalla

 

A Theoretical and Experimental Investigation on the Influence of Inlet Impeller Geometry on Erosion of Dredge Pumps

M. A. Rayan, N. Gadel-Hak, and S. A. Askr

Mansoura University, Egypt

 

An Experimental Investigation for the Effect of Rotor Wake on the Flow within Stator Passage

A. M. Mobarak, M. G. Khalfallah, S. S. Ayad, and A. S. Zedan

Cairo University - Zagazig University, Egypt

 

Influence of Longitudinal Pressure Gradient and Streamlined Surface Curvature on the Turbulent Flow Characteristics in Turbine Cascades

A. F. Slitenko, V. M. Kapinos, and V. B. Titov

Turbomachinery Research Institute, Ukraine

 

Calculation and Measurement of the Three-Dimensional Flow in Axial Compressor Cascades, with and without End-Bends

M. L. Ugryumov, Y. A. Skob, V. A. Menshikov, and V. I. Pismenniy

Kharkov Aviation Institute, Ukraine

 

Numerical Investigation of the 3D Effects for Space Flow through a Turbomachine Stage

V. I. Gnesin, S. V. Yershov, and A. V. Rusanov

Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Ukraine

 

 

Session S-11: Turbulence

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: A. Serag-Eldin, M. Giat

 

Assessment of Turbulence Models versus Confined Swirling Flows

M. S. Abdel-Salam, E. E. Khalil, A. A. Mostafa, and G. M. Mostafa

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Prediction of Strong and Weak Shear Flows Using Second-Moment Closure Models

A. M. El-Baz, and B. E. Launder

University of Manchester, U.K.

 

Prediction of Rough Surface Thermal Turbulent Boundary Layer

G. H. Abd-Alla, K. M. El-Shazly, O. E. Abd-Ellatif, and M. F. Abd-Rabbo

Zagazig University, Egypt

 

Analysis of Material Line Element Parameters Time History during Decay of Isotropic Turbulence

B. A. Kolovandin

Institute of the Academy of Sciences, Belarus

 

 

Session S-12: Internal Flow I

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: M. El-Kotb, S. Akaike

 

Study of Boundary-Layer Flows with Pressure Gradient and Mass Transfer by a Simple Integral Method

G. M. Abdel-Moty

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Experimental Investigation of Externally Pressurized Conical Thrust Bearing under Turbulent Lubrication Condition

M. F. Khalil, S. Z. Kassab, and A. S. Ismail

Alexandria University, Egypt

 

Laminar Channel Flow with Fluid Injection Accounting for the Flow in the Porous Wall

A. K. Abdel-Rahman, and K. Suzuki

Kyoto University, Japan

 

Lubrication Analysis of Externally Pressurized Circular Porous Bearings

A. A. Elsharkawy, S. Z. Kassab, and M. M. Nassar

Kuwait University, Kuwait

 

Flow and Friction Loss in Square Duct with Rough Wall

S. Akaike, N. Ohtsuka, M. Nemoto, and I. Nakane

Kanadgawa Institute of Technology, Japan

 

 

Session S-13: Computational Fluid Dynamics III

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: S. S. Kossa, A. Hamed

 

Three-Dimensional Euler Computation of the Flow inside an Inducer Stage of a Spatial Turbopump

E. M. El Ghazzani, and A. R. Ridwan

Ecole Centrale de Lyon, France

 

Flow Coefficient Analysis of Centrifugal Compressors

A. Engeda

Michigan State University, U.S.A.

 

Surface Interaction Models for Particle Trajectories in Engine Components

A. Hamed, Y. D. Jun, and W. Tabakoff

University of Cincinnati, U.S.A.

 

Navier-Stokes Solutions for Three-Dimensional Flow Fields in Hydraulic Turbomachines

I. Teipel, and P. Holbein

University of Hannover, Germany

 

A Two-Dimensional Flux Vector Splitting Euler Solver

M. Khalil, and A. O. Sherif

Cairo University, Egypt

 

 

Session S-14: Fluid Machinery Applications III

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: A. El-Ahwany, T. Yasuda

 

A Comparative Study of the Computed Effects of Glaze and Rime Ice Accretions on Aircraft Propeller Performance

E. M. A. Saleh, M. R. Shaalan, I. M. Shabaka, and A. A. Salman

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Pressure Distribution for Radially Outward Turbulent Flow between Stationary and Rotating Disk

A. M. Tolba

Mansoura University, Egypt

 

Effect of Spatial Nonstationary Flow Structure in Supplying and Rejecting Devices of Flow Path on a Turbine Stage

V. Gnesin, and V. Solodov

Institute for Problems in Machinery, Ukraine

 

Modeling of the Steam Flow with Spontaneous Condensation in a Turbine Stage

A. L. Shubenko

Institute for Problems in Machinery, Ukraine

 

A Numerical Approach to Blade-Vortex Interaction in Two-Dimensional Viscous Flow

B. Dong, Y. T. Chew, and B. C. Khoo

National University of Singapore, Singapore

 

 

Session S-15: Turbulence

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: N. M. Raafat, A. Ogawa

 

Investigation of Turbulence Model and Numerical Solution in Rotating Coordinate System

W. Qinghuan

Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

 

An Experimental Optimization of using Vane Swirlers to Augment Heat Transfer Performance in Turbulent Swirling Tube Flow

M. S. Abdel-Salam, E. E. Khalil, A. A. Mostafa, and G. M. Mostafa

Cairo University, Egypt

 

The Turbulent Structure of the Convection Caused by Instability of Horizontal Interface

Q-D Wei, J. Chen, and X-D Du

Peking University, China

 

Numerical Study of Turbulent Flow through Equiangular Annular Diffusers

B. Djebedjian, M. Giat, J. P. Renaudeaux, and M. A. Rayan

Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers, France

 

A Study of the Boundary-Layer Development on a Flat Plate with Natural and Artificial Transition

A. F. Abdel-Gawaad, A. A. Salman, M. R. Shaalan, and J. M. Shabaka

Zagazig University, Egypt

 

 

Session S-16: Internal Flow II

Wednesday, January 4, 1995

Chairs: S. M. El-Haggar, M. Shoukry

 

An Experiment Study of the Pressure Recovery Coefficient in Sudden Enlargement Square Duct Affected with Two Normal Jets

M. M. El-Mayit, A. R. Dyab, and A. Abdel-Fattah

Menoufia University, Egypt

 

Computational and Experimental Investigation of Laminar Flow past a Finite Flat Plate

A. O. Sherif, M. I. Rashed, and A. S. Hussien

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Synthetic Study on Flow Friction in Pipes

T. Yasuda

Nihon University, Japan

 

Versatile Programming for Lattice Type Irregular Pipe Networks

T. Yasuda, and Y. Fujita

Nihon University, Japan

 

Computational and Experimental Visualization of Viscous Flow through Undulations in Tube

T. S. Lee, and H. T. Low

National University of Singapore, Singapore

 

 

Thursday 5 January 1995

 

 

Session S-21: Thermofluids

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: A. S. El-Asfori, J. P. Renaudeaux

 

Momentum and Heat Transport in Confined Coaxial Jets under Axial Pressure Gradient and at Variable Momentum Ratios

M. S. Mohamed, A. A. Mostafa, and M. El-Sallak

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Thermodynamic Study on Reducing the Power Requirement of Mechanical Vapor Recompression

M. Rautenberg, and D. Burhorn

Hannover University, Germany

 

Simulation of Pulverised Coal Combustion in a Blast Furnace

F. C. Lockwood, K. Takeda, and M. Yehia

Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, UK

 

Flamelet Modeling and Raman /Rayleigh/ Lipf Measurements of the Structure of Premixed Methane-Air Flames

M. M. M. Abou-Ellail, K. R. Beshay, and M. S. Mansour

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Electroconvection and Heat Transfer in Liquid Dielectrics

A. I. Zhakin, and A. A. Tropina

Kharkiv State University, Ukraine

 

 

Session S-22: Aerodynamics

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: O. El-Bahar, A. Zebib

 

Leading-Edge Vortices on a Pitching Delta Wing

R. Atta, and D. Rockwell

Minia University, Egypt

 

Cold Flow Study of Flame Stabilizing Parameters of Bluff Bodies

M. A. Nouseir, A. M. El-Baz, K. S. Kaddah, and M. A. Selim

Ain Shams University, Egypt

 

Aerodynamics Research on Transonic and Small Aspect Ratio Turbines

S. H. Moustapha

Pratt & Whitney, Canada

 

Effect of Bleed Slot Location and Angle on Shock Wave Turbulent Boundary Layer Interactions

A. Hamed, J. J. Yeuan, and S. H. Shih

University of Cincinnati, USA

 

Estimation of the Maximum Tangential Velocity and Flow Pattern of Gas Flow in the Geometrically Similarity Types of the Axial Flow Vortex Chambers

A. Ogawa, K. Nagasaki, and K. Sugiyama

Nihon University, Japan

 

 

Session S-23: Convection

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: F. M. El-Mehalawy, E. E. Khalil

 

Experimental Studies of Free Convective Heat Transfer from Fin Arrays using Differential Interferometry

M. A. Abolfadl

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Heat Transfer to a Horizontal Tube Bundle Located in the Freeboard of a Bubbling Fluidized Bed Combustor

A. H. Abdel-Hafez, F. M. El-Mahallawy, S. G. Sharobeem, and Z. S. Safar

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Heat Transfer Characteristics of a Stretched Surface with Suction or Injection

M. E. Ali

King Saud University, Saudi Arabia

 

Numerical Analysis of Vertical Finite Channel Conjugate Natural Convection with a Power Law Fluid

V. D. Quang, and D. H. Chung

Hanoi Technical University, Vietnam

 

 

Session S-24: Two-Phase Flows

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: M. Hilal, R. Kamel

 

Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop for Air-Water Mixtures in an Isoflux Vertical Annulus

M. Khatab, M. El-Sallak, S. M. Morcos, and A. Salama

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Flow and Heat Exchange Numerical Modelling for "Gas-Solid Particles" Two-Phase Media under Counter Flow Conditions

A. V. Borodulin, V. K. Khrutsch, and A. G. Shevelev

Dniepropetrovsk University, Ukraine

 

A Modeling of Heat Transfer in Gas-Solids Turbulent Flow in Pipes

M. S. Abdel-Salam, M. F. Abd-Rabbo, and S. A. Abdel-Moneim

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Calculations of Turbulent Two-Phase Parabolic Flows: Lagrangian Approach Versus Eulerian Approach

M. Khalafallah, A. Mostafa, M. Rizk, and S. El-Sherife

Cairo University, Egypt

 

 

Session S-25: Measurements Techniques

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: M. F. El-Refae, A. H. Beghdady

 

A Flow Visualization Technique using Digital Image Processing

S. M. El-Haggar, and K. M. Elsherbini

The American University, Cairo, Egypt

 

Experimental Identification of the Dynamic Characteristics of Externally Pressurized Conical Bearing

M. F. Khalil, K. A. Elshorbagy, S. Z. Kassab, and A. A. Abdel Naby

Alexandria University, Egypt

 

The Measurement of Mass Flow Rate using Orifice Plate Meters under Pulsating Conditions

E. Tamura, and J. Iwamoto

Tokyo Denki University, Japan

 

Concentration and Velocity Measurements by Applying Hot-Wire and Piezoresistive Techniques

Y. Era, and A. Muramatsu

Nihon University, Japan

 

Experimental Studies on Spectroscopic Diagnosis Method for Arc Plasma Jet - Part 1: Argon Jet

L. H. Han, B. Yue, and F. R. Yang

China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, China

 

 

Session S-26: Industrial Applications

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: M. A. Fouad, S. H. Mostapha

 

Dynamic Performance of Hydrostatic Conical Bearings with Rotation

M. F. Khalil, K. A. Elshorbagy, S. Z. Kassab, and A. A. Abdel Naby

Alexandria University, Egypt

 

Characteristics of a Controlled Flow Field by Leading Edge Suction

M. H. Metwally, and M. A. Elsharnoby

Military Technical College - Benha Higher Institute of Technology, Egypt

 

On the Modeling of Abrasive Waterj Jet Cutting

A. A. El-Domiaty, M. A. Shabara, A. A. Abdel-Rahman, and A. K. Al-Sabeeh

Kuwait University, Kuwait

 

Experimental Investigation of the Ventilation Network for a 135 MW Air-Cooled Generator

T. T. Al-Shemmeri, and N. R. Weavill

Staffordshire University, UK

 

Simulation of Poppet Valve Flow Characteristics

S. B. Chin, D. Broadhurst, and W. A. Bullough

University of Sheffield, UK

 

Flow Field Characteristics of Circular Swirl Jet Generated by Vortex Generating Jets

N. H. Mostafa, O. K. Rediniotis, and U. Vandsburger

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA

 

 

Session S-27: Special Topics I

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: Th. Abou-Arab, A. Cavaliere

 

Modeling and Simulation of Solar Chimney

A. S. Sabry

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Dynamic Stiffness and Damping Characteristics of Compensated Hydrostatic Conical Bearings

M. F. Khalil, K. A. Elshorbagy, S. Z. Kassab, and A. A. Abdel Naby

Alexandria University, Egypt

 

Blood Flow Simulation across the Ring of Bjork-Shiley Cardiac Valve

M. Bentercia, K. Zidani, A. Cheurfi, K. Belkhiri, and K. Affeld

University of Batna, Algeria - Freie Universitat Berlin, Germany

 

Mass Transfer into a Liquid Film Flowing Concurrently with High Speed Gas Flow

T. Fukano, Y. Kinoue, and K. Ishibashi

Kyushu University, Japan

 

Simulation Study for Microrobots Imitating Flagellar Motion of Organisms in Fluid

S. Kobayashi, H. Morikawa, and M. Ikeya

Shinshu University, Japan

 

Experimental Investigation on Bifurcation Phenomena in Laminar Flow through U-Bends of Rectangular Cross-Section

K. Obha, M. Kobayashi, and S. Takahashi

Kansai University, Japan

 

 

Session S-28: Special Topics II

Thursday, January 5, 1995

Chairs: Th. E-Hew, A. Ghoneim

 

Experimental Investigation of the Effect of Polymer Injection on Drag Reduction

S. Zanoon, M. Rizk, E. Elsherbeeny, and A. Mobarak

Cairo University, Egypt

 

Wave Processes in Magnetic Fluids with Transformed Microstructure

N. F. Patsegon

Kharkiv State University, Ukraine

 

The Motion of a Continuum with Sources of Mass Impulse and Energy Continuously Distributed

I. E. Tarapov

Kharkiv State University, Ukraine

 

Characteristics of the Near Wake of Airfoil Sections

M. S. Mohamed, M. A. Rayan, and S. G. El-Sarraf

Mansoura University, Egypt

 

Measurement of Interfacial Area Concentration in Subcooled Liquid-Vapour Flow

O. Zeitoun, M. Shoukri, and V. Chatoorgoon

McMaster University, Canada

 

Variation of the Corner Recirculation Zone in Sudden Enlargement Square Duct with Normal Single Jet

A. Abdel-Fattah, M. M. El-Mayit, and A. R. Dyab

Menoufia University, Egypt

 

   
 

 

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